Tuesday, August 15, 2006

Sisir Kumar Maitra

Sisir Kumar Maitra (born 19 January 1887, Calcutta, India, died date? place?) was Head of the Department of Philosophy and Dean of the Faculty of Arts, Banaras Hindu University. His writings compared Eastern and Western philosophy, and the teachings of Sri Aurobindo in comparison with Western philosophers.
Life: Maitra was born into a Brahmin family, and as his father - who served as a Professor of English literature at the Dacca, Presidency and Ravenshaw Colleges - was very liberal in his views on social and religious matters, young Sisir was brought up free from social and religious orthodoxy. Maitra snr was also a great admirer of Rabindranath Tagore, and this was part of the intellectual atmosphere in which Sisir and his siblings lived.
In his college days he was for a short time a great admirer of Hegel. His faith in the supremacy of reason was shaken by the philosophy of Henri Bergson, to which he devoted several years of study. Later he discovered Sri Aurobindo, and in a number of books and essays helped popularise the vision of Sri Aurobindo among philosophical circles both in India and abroad, writing strictly from an academic philosophical point of view. The other philosopher who made a large influence on his mature thought was Nikolai Hartmann.
Bibliography: List of books and some articles
The Neo-Romantic Movement in Contemporary Philosophy, Book Company, Ltd., Calcutta, 1922
"Outlines of an Emergent Theory of Values" in Contemporary Indian Philosophy, Ed. By S. Radhakrishnan and J.H.Muirhead, GA&UL- 1936/1958
"The spiritual life and its realization", Calcutta Review no. 62, 1937, 65-71
"Philosophy and life", Prabuddha Bharata (Calcutta), no. 43, 1938, 235-237
"The philosophy of Sri Aurobindo", Prabuddha Bharata (Calcutta), no. 46, 1941: 113, 210, 261
The Cosmic Significance of Karma in the Bhagavadgita Prabuddha Bharata, Feb., 1939
An Introduction to the Philosophy of Sri Aurobindo, First edition 1941 (Prabuddha Bharata, Mar.). Calcutta 1941
"Sri Aurobindo's conception of intuition", Prabuddha Bharata (Calcutta), no.47, 1942, 332 ff.
"Self-effort of grace", Vedanta Kesari (Madras) no. 31, 1944-45, 8 ff.
Studies in Sri Aurobindo's Philosophy, BHU, Banaras 1945
The Spirit of Indian Philosophy. Banaras 1947
Meeting of East and West in Sri Aurobindo's Philosophy, Pondicherry, First Indian edition 1956
Sri Auroboindo and the New World. Pondicherry 1957
"Sri Aurobindo and Spengler: comparison between the integral and the pluralistic philosophies of history", in H. Chaudhuri and F. Spiegelberg (eds.), The Integral Philosophy of Sri Aurobindo. George Allen & Unwin, London 1960; pp.192-204
Meeting of East and West in Sri Aurobindo's Philosophy
This work is a comprehensive introduction to Sri Aurobindo's philosophy in the context of mainstream academia. In contrast to other students of Sri Aurobindo, Maitra argues that western philosophical thought is essential if one is to understand the voluminous writings of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother. The chapter, "Sri Aurobindo and Bergson" first appeared in an Ashram Journal (Sri Aurobindo Mandir Annual) in 1942 and the other chapters subsequently in various magazines.
1. The Meeting of the East and the West in Sri Aurobindo's Philosophy
2. Sri Aurobindo and Bergson
3. Sri Aurobindo and the Problem of Evil
4. Is Sri Aurobindo a Mystic?
5. Sri Aurobindo and Plotinus
6. Sri Aurobindo and Nicolai Hartmann
7. Sri Aurobindo and Hegel
8. Sri Aurobindo and Plato
9. Sri Aurobindo's Vision of the Future
10. Sri Aurobindo and Goethe
11. Sri Aurobindo and Whitehead
References: Dagobert David Runes, Who's who in Philosophy, Philosophical Library, 1942, Page 163 Bibliography listing of Literature on Hinduism at the University of Washington. Links: Extract of his intellectual autobiography contained in an old article, "Emerging Theory of Values". Extract from Meeting of East and West in Sri Aurobindo's Philosophy at [1] and [2]
Categories: Indian philosophers Sri Aurobindo From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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